Solar Eclipse Facts for Kids
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Solar Eclipse Facts for Kids

Get your kids excited about science by exploring fun facts about a solar eclipse. Discover how to view a solar eclipse safety with your kids. Learn fun facts about solar eclipse science for kids. How often does a solar eclipse occur? What is the safest way to observe a solar eclipse?

A solar eclipse only happens when the moon passes between the sun and the earth so that the moon blocks the sun, either partially or totally.  Make your own solar eclipse viewing device and teach your kids some scientific facts about a solar eclipse.  Here are some solar eclipse questions and facts for kids:

What happens during a solar eclipse?  The sun is bigger than the moon and is 93 million miles from the earth.  The moon is smaller than the sun and is 239 thousand miles from the earth.  Even though the moon is smaller than the sun; because the moon is closer to the earth than the sun, when it passes in front of the sun the two appear to be the same size and the moon blocks out most of the sun’s rays.

How often does a solar eclipse happen?  Most years there are at least two occurrences of a solar eclipse.  Some years have recorded as many as five.

A partial eclipse is more common than a total eclipse.

Why can I not look directly at the sun during an eclipse?  Normally when you look at the sun, it is so bright that you quickly look away.  When there is a solar eclipse, however, part or most of the sun is covered making it easier to look at without realizing the photosphere is still there with its rays that have the potential of damaging the retina in the eye.  There are no pain sensors in the retina, so you may not even realize the damage done until hours later when damage including blindness can occur.

Create your own viewing device that casts a shadow from the sun making it safe for viewing.   This is as easy as using two pieces of white poster board sheets.  Place one on the ground.  Cut a small square hole in the other poster board then cover the opening with a small piece of aluminum foil.  Tape it down around the edges.  Use a pin to poke a small pinhole in the center of the aluminum foil.  Hold this poster board sheet with the pinhole opening over top the other white poster board and wait for the sun to shine down and create a shadow. Observe the projected shadow for safe viewing.

Solar Eclipse vocabulary and spelling words:










Total Eclipse

Partial Eclipse

Annular Eclipse




Additional resources:

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Comments (3)

I will pass this article link on to my home schooling friends.

Such a fun article!

Tere, very simple but useful stuff for kids.